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Current Edition   

December 2016

Volume 2 Issue 3

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Research Article

Time-related changes in magnesium content and magnesium/calcium ratio of Finnish agricultural soil associated inversely with human CHD in 1961-1990

Toysa Timo*, Hanninen Osmo

Because of reported associations of Mg with cardiovascular diseases (CVD), we assessed changes in soil Mg and Mg/Ca ratio with human CHD in order to clarify, whether these soil parameters could be associated with the human CHD epidemic in Finland. Human CHD and soil statistics are based on old data. Soil Mg and Mg/Ca ratio values are assessed by six successive 5 year periods from 1961 to 1990 (1961-1965, 1966-1970, etc). Mg has been included in basic samples (including Ca and K) since 1986, before it the number of Mg samples was lower and its distribution differed from basic samples.                                      

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Download PDF Full text

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Research Article

Abundance of Liriomyza trifolii (Diptera: Agromyzidae) and its Parasitoids on Five Vegetable Crops in Southern Florida

S. Devkota, DR. Seal*, OE. Liburd, S. Ferguson, C Waddill, CG. Martin

In southern Florida and elsewhere, the American serpentine leafminer, Liriomyza trifolii (Burgess) (Diptera: Agromyzidae) is one of the most destructive pests of snap beans Phaseolus vulgaris L. (Fabaceae), cucumbers Cucumis sativus L., squash Curcurbita pepo L. (both Cucurbitaceae), and tomatoes Solanum lycopersicum L. (Solanaceae). In tests with these crops and with cabbage, Brassica oleracea L. (Brassicaceae), we determined and compared numbers of individuals in different L. trifolii life stages, proportions of the larvae surviving to adulthood, and numbers of parasitoids.                                      

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                              Download PDF Full text

    

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Research Article

Compliance of Finnish Male CHD and Total Mortality with Soil Fertilization in 1957-1990

Toysa Timo*, Hanninen Osmo

Magnesium (Mg) tissue content has been associated with vascular pathology and risks of coronary heart disease (CHD). Associations between fertilization, morbidity and mortality have been studied in veterinary, but less in human medicine. In this study we assessed changes in male (M) CHD and total (TOT) (mortality) and their regressions by fertilization parameters: calcium (Ca), Mg, potassium (K), phosphorus (P), nitrogen (N) and carbonate (CO3) (direct or functions of these parameters) in 1957-1990, when medical treatments were less effective than today. Fertilization parameters are given as equivalents/ha.                                      

                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               Download PDF Full text

 

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